Effect Of Annual Income On Parental/Family Burden Of Food Allergy
Monday, March 3, 2014
Exhibit Hall B (Convention Center)
David A. Petty, DO, Jay A. Lieberman, MD, Nhu Quynh Tran, PhD
Rationale: Having a child with food allergies can cause a significant burden for families. We hypothesized the effect that a child’s food allergy would have on the family’s quality of life would be different among different socio-economic classes.

Methods:  Parents of pediatric patients with physician-diagnosed food allergies were recruited from both a university and a private allergy clinic. Participants completed the Food Allergy Quality of Life-Parental Burden (FAQL-PB) questionnaire. Background and demographic data were also collected, family incomes were reported in quintiles (<$25,000, $25,000-50,000, $50,000-75,000, $75,000-100,000, and >$100,000). Wilcoxon rank sum tests were used for univariate analyses.  Multiple linear regression was used to model the relationship between exploratory variables and the FAQL-PB scores.

Results: Data from 77 respondents were analyzed. The mean age of the food-allergic child was 6.69 years (range 1-17). 86% of respondents were mothers. The majority of respondents were either black (46%) or white (42%). In the univariate analysis, there was a significant difference in the FAQL-PB scores among different family income levels (P=0.01), with the lowest scores seen in the $75,000-100,000 income quintile. This significance held in the multivariable analysis (P=0.02). Factors associated with a decreased quality of life in the univariate analysis included if the respondent was the child’s mother (P=0.03) and if the child was allergic to milk (P=0.01) or wheat (P=0.04).

Conclusions: In this survey study, there was a statistically significant variance in FAQL-PB scores among different family income levels, with the least perceived family burden seen in families reporting income levels between $75,000-100,000.