Health-Related Quality of Life Is Impaired in Families with Wheat Allergy Vs. Grass Allergy
Monday, March 7, 2016: 2:30 PM
Room 406AB (Convention Center)
Nora Borres, Med. Cand., , , , , ,
Rationale: Allergic diseases generally impair the health related quality of life (HRQL). No study has compared food allergy with respiratory allergy using the same generic instrument. The aim of this study was to compare the HRQL between families with wheat allergic children and grass allergic children.

Methods: Sixty-three children with wheat allergy (median age 5) and 72 children with grass allergy (median age 12) were included together with their parents. The Child Health Questionnaire (CHQ) was answered by the families during study visits.

Results: Parents in the wheat group scored significantly lower for five items compared to parents in the grass group. These items were General behaviour (p<0.0001), General health perceptions (p=0.001), Parental Impact; Emotions (p=0.001), Parental Impact; Time (p<0.0001) and Family activities (p=0.001). The parents of the wheat group scored lower than the parents of the grass group for every item investigated except for Change in Health that scored significantly lower (p=0.020) by the grass group’s parents. Fifty-one grass allergic children answered the CHQ but only twenty-seven wheat allergic children, primarily due to low age.  In the grass allergy group, children and parents reported similar scores on the different items. Poor parental-child correlation was observed in the wheat group.

Conclusions: Wheat allergy affected HRQL more severely in families with wheat allergic children compared to grass allergy. Parent perception of the child’s HRQL and child perceptions of HRQL appeared to be comparatively consistent in families with grass allergy but less so in families with wheat allergy.