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Measurement of Major Allergen Mus m 1 in Commercial Mouse Allergen Extracts and Mouse Urine
Sunday, March 6, 2016: 3:00 PM
Room 502A (Convention Center)
Taruna Khurana, PhD, , ,
Rationale: Mus m 1 is a major allergen found in mouse urine and has been shown to contribute to asthma prevalence in inner city homes. Commercially available mouse epithelium extracts are non-standardized. Our goal is to develop monoclonal-antibody-based sandwich ELISA assays for measurement of Mus m 1.

Methods: Monoclonal antibodies were generated in rats by immunizing with natural Mus m 1 using a proprietary MonoExpress immunization protocol (GenScript USA). Anti-Mus m 1 polyclonal sera were generated in rabbits hyperimmunized with Mus m 1: rabbits were primed subcutaneously with 100 mcg of nMus m 1 in Freund’s Complete Adjuvant, followed by boosts of 100 mcg nMus m 1 in Freund’s Incomplete Adjuvant at weeks 3 and 7.  Hybridoma supernatants and polyclonal sera were screened against nMus m 1 and mouse urine. Two sandwich ELISAs (sELISAs) were developed: one in which both the capture (12B10) and detection (biotinylated 11G6) antibodies were monoclonal, and one in which the detection antibody was rabbit polyclonal sera.

Results: The monoclonal assay was found to be highly specific and sensitive, and mouse urine contained 3.0 g/L of the antigen, but Mus m 1 in commercial extracts was below the limit of detection. Using polyclonal rabbit sera for detection, the assay was more sensitive. With this assay the Mus m 1 content of mouse urine was 6.7x10-1 g/L and the commercial extracts contained 1.5x10-4 to 2.5x10-3 g/L.

Conclusions: sELISA assays has been developed for determining Mus m 1 contents of non-standardized mouse allergen extracts.