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Dust Mite-Induced Allergic Pulmonary Inflammation Is Differentially Regulated By Il33-/- and Il1rl1-/- Dendritic Cells.
Saturday, March 5, 2016
South Exhibit Hall H (Convention Center)
Min Jung Lee, MD, Eri Yoshimoto, Li Li, Yoshihide Kanaoka, MD PhD, Nora A. Barrett, MD FAAAAI
Rationale:

Many studies have reported genetic associations between IL-33, its receptor IL1RL1 (ST2), and asthma.  However, the cellular sources of IL-33 and the mechanisms by which it promotes Th2 pulmonary inflammation are poorly understood. We and others have shown that IL-33 is elicited by house dust mite (HDM) activation of the C-type lectin receptor Dectin-2 in dendritic cells (DCs).  Therefore, we sought to determine the contribution of IL-33 and IL1RL1 to DC-mediated allergic pulmonary inflammation.

Methods:

C57BL/6 WT, Il33‒/‒ and Il1rl1‒/‒ bone marrow-derived DCs (BMDCs) were stimulated with PBS or HDM extract. Culture supernatants were analyzed for cytokines by ELISA. 104 PBS- or HDM-pulsed BMDCs were administered intranasally to sensitize WT recipients (day 0).  Recipients were challenged with 3 μg HDM on days 11 and 13, and BAL fluid cellular infiltrate was evaluated on day 15.   

Results:

WT mice sensitized with HDM-pulsed Il1rl1‒/‒ BMDCs had a marked reduction in BAL inflammation, including neutrophilia, as compared to mice sensitized with HDM-pulsed WT BMDCs.  In contrast, mice sensitized with HDM-pulsed Il33‒/‒ BMDCs had a significant enhancement in BAL inflammation, especially neutrophils.  Analysis of the culture supernatants from HDM-pulsed Il33‒/‒ BMDCs revealed enhanced generation of NF-κB-dependent cytokines, such as IL-23 and TNF-α, as compared to HDM-pulsed WT or Il1rl1‒/‒ BMDCs. 

Conclusions:

IL-33 elicited in HDM-pulsed DCs reduces allergic pulmonary inflammation.  These findings suggest that, in addition to its role as a pro-inflammatory cytokine extracellularly, IL-33 can inhibit NF-κB-dependent gene expression intracellularly and negatively regulate innate immune cell function.