Asthma is the most common chronic inflammatory disease of childhood. It is aimed to determine the knowledge of signs, triggers and course of asthma in school age children.
One hundred sixteen elementary school students live in a low socioeconomic status were included in the study. Children’s knowledge about asthma disease and their certain sociodemographic characteristics were recorded in a standardized questionnaire with consist of 21 parameters.
The children’s ages between 7 and 12 years (mean 8.9 years). Ten out of 116 children were diagnosed physician- diagnosed asthma. Family history of asthma was found in 39 (33.6%) children. 38.7% of the children without asthma replied the correct answer while the question, about asthma symptoms, was correctly answered in 40 percent of asthmatic children. The correct response rate about asthma treatment was 60% of asthmatic children while 91.5% of non-asthmatics children. 80% of those children with asthma were exposed to passive smoking while 69.8% of those children without asthma were. Fourteen children (12.1%) had pets and none of them had asthma.
Contrary to expectation, the level of knowledge of children with asthma was not better than non-asthmatic children. The school-aged children with asthma should inform about symptoms and triggers of asthma, and treatment. Time devoted to education of asthmatic patient should be increased.