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EPIPEN4SCHOOLS® Survey Combined Analysis: Staff Training and Use of Epinephrine Auto-Injectors
Saturday, March 5, 2016
South Exhibit Hall H (Convention Center)
Susan L. Hogue, PharmD, MPH, Suyapa Silvia, PhD, Kelly Hollis, MBA, Margaret J. Wooddell, PhD, MBA, Diana Goss, BS, Dawn Odom, MS, Darryl Cooney, MS, Martha V. White, MD, CPI
Rationale: A pilot survey of US schools participating in the EPIPEN4SCHOOLS® program (Mylan Specialty L.P., Canonsburg, PA) described anaphylactic events reported during the 2013-2014 school year. Because large school districts (≥50 schools per district) were underrepresented in the findings, the survey was readministered to these large districts. Here, an updated analysis combining all school responses is presented.

Methods: This cross-sectional, web-based pilot survey assessed anaphylactic events in US schools participating in the EpiPen4Schools program.

Results: Among 6574 responding schools, 1140 anaphylactic events were reported. Of the 1059 events with data on epinephrine auto-injector (EAI) use, 76.5% (810/1059) were treated with EAIs on school property. Stock EAIs from the EpiPen4Schools program were used to treat 38.0% of events (385/1012). Of the 6088 schools reporting on staff training for anaphylaxis recognition, 37.3% (2268/6088) provided training for the school nurse and select staff; 28.2% (1717/6088) and 30.4% (1851/6088) provided training for most and all staff, respectively. More than half of schools (55.0%, 3332/6053) permitted the school nurse and select staff to administer epinephrine to treat anaphylaxis; 15.6% (942/6053) and 21.5% (1300/6053) permitted most and all staff, respectively, to administer epinephrine.

Conclusions: Thirty-eight percent of anaphylactic events were treated with EAIs provided by the EpiPen4Schools program, highlighting the importance of stocking EAIs. Because a majority of schools permitted only the school nurse and select staff to treat anaphylactic reactions, students may frequently be in settings without personnel trained to treat anaphylaxis. Results emphasize the need to provide training to manage anaphylaxis and improve access to EAIs in schools.