Methods: Three-day food records were collected from new patients (n=78) seen at the Cincinnati Center for Eosinophilic Disorders and analyzed by a registered dietitian. Each patient had a confirmed EoE diagnosis based on 2011 consensus guidelines. Mean ALA, DHA and EPA intake was compared to age-matched reference data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) by unpaired t-test.
Results: In this cohort of EoE patients (n=78), dietary intake of ALA (mean=0.50g), DHA (mean=0.02) and EPA (mean=0.007g) were lower than reference data from NHANES (n=8604), with ALA (mean=1.4g; p=0.0043; 95% CI: 0.288-1.519), and DHA (mean=0.07 g; p=0.0001; 95% CI: 0.045-0.055) but not EPA (mean=0.03g; p= 0.031; 95% CI: 0.002-0.044) reaching significance.
Only 1 of 78 subjects was taking an omega-3 supplement.
Conclusions: Children with EoE have lower intake of omega-3 fatty acids than national-survey controls and therefore may benefit from a referral to a registered dietitian for nutritional assessment.