Allergy in IgG4-related disease
Monday, March 5, 2018
South Hall A2 (Convention Center)
Shoko Matsui, Seisuke Okazawa, Kohtaro Tokui, Kenta Kambara, Shingo Imanishi, Chihiro Taka, Tohru Yamada, Minehiko Inomata, Toshiro Miwa, Ryuji Hayashi
RATIONALE: IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a systemic disorder, which is characterized by elevated serum IgG4 concentrations and infiltration of abundant IgG4 positive plasma cells in the multiple lesions. It has been reported the lesions of IgG4-RD present Th2 dominant immunity. And the patient often shows allergic history and/or symptoms. The aim of this study is to investigate allergic involvement in patients with IgG4-RD.

METHODS: A retrospective study on patients with IgG4-RD in Toyama University Hospital was performed. The diagnosis of IgG4-RD was made based on the comprehensive diagnostic criteria. We analyzed allergic history of rhinitis, and bronchial asthma, serum IgG4, IgE and Specific IgEs to 16 aeroallergens (CAP RAST).

RESULTS: Sixty-seven patients with ‘definite’ IgG4-RD were analyzed. Twenty patients (29.9%) had allergic rhinitis, 18 patients (26.9%) bronchial asthma, and 9 patients (13.4%) skin allergy in their past or present history. Serum IgG4 (> 135mg/dl) and IgE (> 170 U/ml) at the diagnosis were elevated in 97.0% and 89.4%, respectively, and the median serum levels of IgG4 and IgE were 485 mg/dl and 500 U/ml, respectively. There was no significant correlation between IgG4 and IgE. Specific IgEs were available in 48 patients, and 79% of them showed positive one or more specific IgEs to 16 aeroallergens.

CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that the patients with IgG4-RD show various allergic involvements, presenting rhinitis and/or bronchial asthma. However, we observed no IgEs directed against any specific aeroallergen in these patients. Further analysis of allergic manifestations might be helpful in elucidating the pathogenesis of IgG4-RD.