Lanadelumab Markedly Improves Health-related Quality of Life in Hereditary Angioedema Patients in the HELP Study
Saturday, March 3, 2018
South Hall A2 (Convention Center)
William R. Lumry, MD FAAAAI, Karsten Weller, MD, Markus Magerl, MD, Jennifer Schranz, MD, Gagan Jain, Helen Doll, Marcus Maurer, MD
RATIONALE: Treatment with lanadelumab significantly reduced the rate of attacks in patients with hereditary angioedema (HAE) in the HELP Study. Health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL) was assessed using the Angioedema Quality-of-Life (AE-QoL) questionnaire; a validated, angioedema-specific instrument to measure impairment in HRQoL.

METHODS: The HELP Study was a phase 3, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study in patients with symptomatic HAE type I/II. Patients received lanadelumab 150mg q4wks (n=28), 300mg q4wks (n=29), 300mg q2wks (n=27) or placebo (n=41), for 26 weeks. The AE-QoL was administered monthly; total and domain (functioning, fatigue/mood, fear/shame, and nutrition) scores were calculated. The difference in scores from Day 0-182 was compared for placebo and the pooled and separate lanadelumab groups. Responder rates were determined by use of the AE-QoL’s minimal clinically important difference (MCID=6).

RESULTS: The pooled lanadelumab group demonstrated a significantly greater reduction in total and domain AE-QoL scores, relative to placebo (P≤0.01 for all). The largest decrease in HR-QoL impairment was observed in the functioning domain with a mean(SD) change of -29.28(22.88) for the pooled lanadelumab group vs -5.41(22.92) for placebo (P<0.01). A significantly higher proportion of patients in the pooled lanadelumab group achieved a MCID in total score (70% vs 37% for placebo, P=0.001). Lanadelumab-treated patients were 2.9 (300mg q4wks), 3.2 (150mg q4wks) and 7.2 (300mg q2wks) times more likely to achieve the MCID in total scores, compared with placebo, as assessed by regression analyses.

CONCLUSIONS: HAE patients treated with lanadelumab experienced a clinically meaningful, and statistically significant, improvement in HRQoL.