407:
Impact of Pollution on the Quality of Life of Lebanese Allergic Rhinitis patients: a cross-sectional study
Sunday, March 4, 2018
South Hall A2 (Convention Center)
Carla Irani, MD FAAAAI, Michel Kassab
RATIONALE:

Indoor and outdoor pollution have an impact on the quality of life of Allergic Rhinitis(AR) patients. Lebanon is a small middle-income country in the Middle-East with rich cultural and geographical diversity, where pollution is high and the prevalence of AR is estimated around 35% .Our objective is to explore the effect of pollution on Lebanese patients suffering from AR

METHODS:

One hundred adult patients with allergic rhinitis are included. Occupation, place of residence (city or suburbs) and exposure to common indoor and outdoor pollution is recorded. The quality of life was measured based on the miniRQLQ (mini rhinoconjunctivitis quality of life questionnaire) (0= no impact to 6=severe impact).

RESULTS:

Mean age was 38 with 68% females. Sixty-nine percent lived in a city. Seventy-nine percent of patients were exposed to indoor and/or outdoor pollution. The mean score of the quality of life calculated by the mini- RQLQ was 3.9 +/- 0.98. There was a significant correlation between exposure to outdoor and /or indoor pollution and the impact on the quality of life.

CONCLUSIONS:

Lebanon has made progress in moving towards a more sustainable development path, despite the waste crisis in 2015. Much more effort is still needed from the authorities and from individual citizens. Indoor and outdoor pollution have a significant impact on the quality of life of Lebanese patients suffering from Allergic rhinitis.