The 10,000 Immunomes Project: A Resource for Human Immunology
Monday, March 5, 2018
South Hall A2 (Convention Center)
Matthew J. Kan, MD, PhD, Kelly Zalocusky, PhD, Zicheng Hu, PhD, Patrick Dunn, Elizabeth Thomson, Jeffrey Wiser, Sanchita Bhattacharya, PhD, Atul Butte, MD PhD
RATIONALE: New immunological assays now enable rich measurements of human immune function, but difficulty attaining enough measurements across sufficiently large and diverse cohorts has hindered describing normal human immune physiology on a large scale.

METHODS: Here we present the 10,000 Immunomes Project (10KIP), a diverse human immunology reference derived from over 44,000 individuals across 242 studies from ImmPort, a NIAID-funded publicly available resource of raw immunology study data and protocols. We carefully curated datasets, aggregating subjects from healthy/control arms and harmonizing data across studies.

RESULTS: We demonstrate 10KIP’s utility by describing variations in serum cytokines and leukocytes by age, race, and sex; defining a baseline cell-cytokine network; and using 10KIP as a common control to describe immunologic changes in pregnancy. Subject-level data is available for interactive visualization and download at http://10kImmunomes.org/.

CONCLUSIONS: We believe 10KIP can serve as a common control cohort and will accelerate hypothesis generation by clinical and basic immunologists across diverse populations.